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Energy-dense diets and a sedentary lifestyle are recognized as major contributors.
To combat the rising epidemic, the WHO has identified a set of dietary recommendations. (World Health Organization – 2003 – Diet, Nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases – Technical Report Series 916). To combat excess weight different actions can be done on nutrition:
- Adopting a well-balanced diet based on obtaining energy from different sources, i.e.
- 55-65% from carbohydrates with 10% max. of simple sugars (mono and disaccharides) such as sucrose.
- 15-30% from fat.
- 10-15% from protein.
- Avoiding excessive glycemic fluctuations (hyper- and hypoglycemia).
- Favoring the consumption of healthier complex carbohydrate such as fibres, the aim being to slow the diffusion of glucose after a meal and manage the daily calorie intake